“An institution for the maintenance and care of the mentally ill, orphans, or other persons requiring specialized assistance.” Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper Cite This Sourcedictionary.reference.com/browse/asylum
“The word Asylum originated in the 15 century. Greek sulon meant ‘rightof seizure’. Withthe addition of the negativeprefixa– ‘not’ this was turned into the adjective ásūlos ‘inviolable’, whichinturn was nominalized as āsūlon ‘refuge’. Whenitfirst entered English, via Latin asȳlum, it was used specifically for ‘place of sanctuary for hunted criminals andothers’ (a meaning reflected in modern English ‘political asylum’), and it was not until the mid 18th centurythat it came tobe applied to mentalhospitals.”
The definition of the word helps me better understand the text, since English is my second language. I did not know before reading this book and looking up the definition of this word how to translate in the English language the name of psychiatric hospital. In addition, the origination of the word help me with have a better understanding why this word is used in the English language and why the author used this word throughout the book.
Electric shock therapy:
The research I conducted on shock therapy expanded my knowledge on what was going on with Esther when she was being treated for her mental disorder.
As I found information on electrotherapy I was shock by how people were actually treated. In 1937 an Italian neurologist by the name of Ugo cerletti conducted the first electro shock therapy experiment on animals until he was able to perfect his techniques. Later the doctor began to use people and notices that there was a startling improvement. The picture really gave me an idea of the machine that they used to treat Esther.
“In 1939, Kalinowski began a tour to advertise ECT around the globe,
visiting the Netherlands, France, Switzerland, England, and the
United States. Researchers who adopted Cerletti-Bini’s method soon
discovered that it seemed to have spectacular effects on affective disorders.
According to E.A. Bennett. 90 % of cases of severe depression which
were resistant to all treatments disappeared after three or four weeks of
ECT. Soon, curare and scopolamine were being used in conjunction with
ECT, and gradually it replaced metrazol and insulin-induced shock.ECT
was to begin its long journey as the shock therapy of choice in the majority of hospitals and asylums around the world.”
Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper Cite This Sourcedictionary.reference.com/browse/asylum
Renato M.E. Sabbatini, Ph.,The History of Shock Therapy in Psychiatry