Yenny Rosario

ENG 1250

Spring 2011

Essay #2

 

 

 

Word Annotation

 

Word: Asylum-

“An institution for the maintenance and care of the mentally ill, orphans, or other persons requiring specialized assistance.” Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper Cite This Sourcedictionary.reference.com/browse/asylum

Etymology: 

“The word Asylum originated in the 15 century. Greek sulon meant ‘rightof seizure’. Withthe addition of the negativeprefixa– ‘notthis was turned into the adjective ásūlos ‘inviolable’, whichinturn was nominalized as āsūlonrefuge’. Whenitfirst entered English, via Latin asȳlum, it was used specifically forplace of sanctuary for hunted criminals andothers’ (a meaning reflected in modern English ‘political asylum’), and it was not until the mid 18th centurythat it came tobe applied to mentalhospitals.”

 

The definition of the word helps me better understand the text, since English is my second language. I did not know before reading this book and looking up the definition of this word how to translate in the English language the name of psychiatric hospital.  In addition, the origination of the word help me with have a better understanding why this word is used in the English language and why the author used this word throughout the book.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Passage annotation

 

 

Electric shock therapy:

 

 

 The research I conducted on shock therapy expanded my knowledge on what was going on with Esther when she was being treated for her mental disorder.

As I found information on electrotherapy I was shock by how people were actually treated. In 1937 an Italian neurologist by the name of Ugo cerletti conducted the first electro shock therapy experiment on animals until he was able to perfect his techniques. Later the doctor began to use people and notices that there was a startling improvement. The picture really gave me an idea of the machine that they used to treat Esther.

 

“In 1939, Kalinowski began a tour to advertise ECT around the globe,

 visiting the Netherlands, France, Switzerland, England, and the

 United States. Researchers who adopted Cerletti-Bini’s method soon

 discovered that it seemed to have spectacular effects on affective disorders.

 According to E.A. Bennett. 90 % of cases of severe depression which

were resistant to all treatments disappeared after three or four weeks of

ECT. Soon, curare and scopolamine were being used in conjunction with

 ECT, and gradually it replaced metrazol and insulin-induced shock.ECT

was to begin its long journey as the shock therapy of choice in the majority of hospitals and asylums around the world.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Citation page

 

 

 

Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper Cite This Sourcedictionary.reference.com/browse/asylum

 

Renato M.E. Sabbatini, Ph.,The History of Shock Therapy in Psychiatry

http://www.cerebromente.org.br/n04/historia/shock_i.htm

 

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Yenny Rosario

ENG 1250

Spring 2011

Essay #2

Word Annotation

 

Word: Asylum-

“An institution for the maintenance and care of the mentally ill, orphans, or other persons requiring specialized assistance.” Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper Cite This Sourcedictionary.reference.com/browse/asylum

Etymology: 

“The word Asylum originated in the 15 century. Greek sulon meant ‘right of seizure’. With the addition of the negative prefix a– ‘notthis was turned into the adjective ásūlos ‘inviolable’, which in turn was nominalized as āsūlonrefuge’. When it first entered English, via Latin asȳlum, it was used specifically forplace of sanctuary for hunted criminals and others’ (a meaning reflected in modern English ‘political asylum’), and it was not until the mid 18th century that it came to be applied to mental hospitals.”

The definition of the word helps me better understand the text, since English is my second language. I did not know before reading this book and looking up the definition of this word how to translate in the English language the name of psychiatric hospital.  In addition, the origination of the word help me with have a better understanding why this word is used in the English language and why the author used this word throughout the book.

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The Bell Jar by sylvia plath

what was the Rosenberge  execution?  the Rosenberge execution is referred to a young women called julius Ethel who was executed in 1953 and foud guilt  of sharing U.S.  military information to the soviets.( information retrieved from The Rosenberg Executions http://www.infoplease.com/spot/rosenberg.html#ixzz1HNwTneIo.  I understood the time this story took places.  After knowing this information  I began to see that things in society have not change much , young women still party and go wild similar what was being described in  “The Bell jar”. The main character Esther is very bipolar at times , it seem as if she had multiple personality .Esther  seem unhappy to be in NewYork , other  times she was very  strong yet determine and intelligent. For the most part  I must say that the only time she demonstrated a strong personality is when she referred to Willard, which  I know that  Esther had strong feeling for yet tries to hid it.

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“Quicksand” by Nella Larsen

In the introduction to this story there was a quote that captured my attention, by Langston Hughes “My old man died in a fine big house. My ma died in a shack. I wonder where I’m died,Being neither white nor black.” This quote is a reflection of Helgas situation in the story a young women whose parents are from a mixed race. Helgas feels as though there isn’t a place in her society where she can be a part of. I pose the following question: Where in society would you place yourself if you were to be from a mixed race?  As a young beautiful woman, yellow colored person with white traits, Helga was restricted and imitated by society status. Helgas felt repressed and  out of place dealing with the racism and indifference that the faculty and students from Naxos dealt with outer influence that the white men had over the school. Naxos has no space for a teacher like Helga. She felt insignificant in society. She did not understand why the superiors of this academic institution disposed their will and formed anormalities.  Helga wanted to leave the reality in which she lived but felt overwhelmed by her current life style.  As  Helga could not bear that people lived and found happiness by doing injustice, hurting others and being hypocrites.

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